Activity: Nature of Science
The (2007) class
has agreed upon the following statements that we believe describe the
nature of science:
There is a generally accepted process to doing science, but not a single
Although science is based on evidence (and theories and laws), it cannot
be used to answer every question.
Imagination and creativity play a significant role in the work of a
Scientific laws and theories are open to debate and can be changed.
Cultural, historical, and social bias can play a significant role in
Scientific knowledge is a product of both observation and inference.
Activity: Impact Scenarios
Earth Impacts Effect
Program to investigate what would happen if a comet or asteroid struck
Three major government agencies monitor natural hazards in the US:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
monitoring and mitigation information and links:
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)
Links to recent disasters:
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc100?OpenForm Click on the
'Latest Natural Disasters' for a year-to-date list of events this group
has responded to.
Lusi, Indonesia, mud volcano 'caused by drilling'
Oct 7, 2008 - For the
first time, scientists predict an asteroid's impact.
NASA Near Earth Object Program - News
item with images:
ABC News story:
Links to earth hazards by topic:
US and International Hazard Information and Programs:
http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/ USGS Natural Hazards Gateway: general
information about natural hazards (earthquakes, floods, hurricanes,
landslides, tsunami, volcanoes, and wildfires), specific to the US and
All-Hazards Monitoring webpage: links to information and recent activity
for a variety of hazards in the US and world (earthquake, volcano, space
weather, weather, tsunami, drought, flooding, etc.).
information about world-wide natural hazard occurrence, monitoring, and
natural hazard reduction programs and information about global hazards and
http://rapidfire.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/ MODIS satellite monitoring.
http://www.scier.eu/Default.asp?Static=69 SCIER: The EU's monitoring
More links at:
and Space Weather:
http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/neo/pha.html NASA Near Earth Object Program:
comprehensive information about the search program for near-earth objects,
including lists of NEO's and possibility of impacts
NASA Asteroid and Comet Impact Hazards website with information and links
to near-earth orbiting bodies. Current Events:
http://www.noaawatch.gov/themes/space.php NOAA space weather site with
links to monitoring and forecasting of space phenomena that affect earth.
Volcano Hazards Program: comprehensive information about volcanic hazards,
monitoring, and mitigation. Links to active US and world-wide volcanic
Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program: database of world-wide volcanoes
currently active, dormant, or active in the last 12,000 years.
Volcanic Ash modeling & monitoring.
Earthquake Hazard Program: comprehensive information about earthquake
hazards, monitoring, and mitigation. Links to recent US and world-wide
Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program: focus on monitoring and mitigation
of earthquake hazards.
A news story of a recently
discovered fault (separate from New Madrid) near a gas pipeline that
could trigger a magnitude 7 earthquake:
National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program: comprehensive information
about tsunami hazards, monitoring, and mitigation in the US.
NOAA's tsunami information page.
http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/tsunamis/ USGS links to tsunami hazard
UNESCO International Tsunami Information Centre: world-wide tsunami
monitoring and mitigation information. Links to tsunami warning centers
(Pacific, Indian, Hawai'i, Caribbean).
USGS National Landslide Hazard Program: comprehensive information
about landslide hazards in the US, and links to world-wide landslide
http://www.landslidecentre.org/response.htm International Landslide
Centre has information about large landslide events
http://www.noaawatch.gov/floods.php NOAA flood monitoring and warning
programs for the US
http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/floods/ USGS links to flood hazard
Flood Network gives information about world-wide recent flood events.