Minerals and Rocks - Geology 301 (call # 11106), Spring 2011

T-TR 9:30 to 10:45 in 1120 Rood Hall

Dr Dave Barnes; Rm 1135/1142 Rood Hall, 387-5493/8617, e-mail
Office Hours: T-TR; 10:45-11:30; and by appointment (Rood 1137)
Lab Instructor:
Stephanie Ewald
Course Home Page:
www.geology.wmich.edu/barnes/Geos301
Laboratory Syllabus Page:
www.geology.wmich.edu/barnes/Geos301/labsyl.htm
Required Texts
A Minerals and Rocks custom publication (M&RCP). We will distribute a hard copy and CD of this material in class.

Simon and Schuster's Guide to Rocks and Minerals 
Prinz, Harlow, and Peters, 1978

Recommended CD:
Hands on Mineral Identification
M. Darby Dyar, 1999
quartz


Course resources:
Material Due Date
 Chemistry Review/ Take Home Exercise #1
Wednesday Feb 9
 Take Home Exercise #2 Wednesday Feb 16
 Take Home Exercise #3 Wednesday Feb 23
 Take Home Exercise #4 Wednesday March 9
Take Home Exercise #5
Wednesday March 23
Take Home Exercise #6
Thursday April 6
Take Home Exercise #7


READING ASSIGNMENT SUBJECT (power point class presentations/course notes)
DATE
M&RCP: Introduction and Ch. 1 A Plate Tectonic Primer
Introduction to Minerals and Rocks
A Plate Tectonic Primer
Week 1/2

M&RCP: Ch. 2 The Wilson Cycle and a Tectonic Rock Cycle
The Wilson Cycle and a Tectonic Rock Cycle
Week 2 & 3


Exam #1
Tues Feb 1
M&RCP: Ch. 3  Introduction to Mineralogy and Crystalloraphy , Ch. 4 Crystal Chemistry,
R&M pp. 9-27
The Chemical Properties of Minerals, Atomic Theory, the Periodic Table,  Bonding, and the Coordination Principle; Week 4
M&RCP: Ch. 5 Mineral Chemistry, Ch. 6 The Unit Cell
R&M, pp 27-31; 51-55, R&M pp 8-22
Atomic Substitution and Solid Solution, Polymorphism and Isomorphism; Mineral ClassificationThe Unit Cell; Crystallography, Crystal Symmetry, and Crystal Systems Week 5
M&RCP: Ch. 7 The Rock Forming Silicate Minerals,  R&M pp 55-60 The Rock Forming Silicate Minerals, Igneous Rock Forming Silicates; More Atomic Substitution, Solid Solution, and Miscibility Week 6 & 7

Exam #2 Thur 2/24

SEMESTER BREAK 2/25-3/6
M&RCP: Ch. 8 Structure of the Earth and Origins of Magmas
Introduction to Rocks; The Formation of Igneous Rocks Week 8
M&RCP: Ch. 9 Magmas, Igneous Rocks, Volcanoes, and Plutons; R&M: pp 427-35; 414-19 Intrusive and Extrusive Igneous Rock Structures; Igneous Rocks and Plate Tectonics Week 9 & 10
M&RCP: Ch. 10 An Introduction To Sedimentary Rocks; Occurrence, Weathering, Mineralogy, Textures and Structures ;
Ch. 11 Sedimentary Petrology: The Clastics ;
Ch. 11a Sedimentary Petrology: Carbonates and Others 
Sedimentary Rocks and the Production of Sediment;
Sedimentary Rocks and the Origin of Sedimentary Strata, Beds to Basins;
Clay Minerals Secondary Minerals Formed at the Earth’s Surface (and Elsewhere)
Week 11 & 12
  Exam #3 Tues 4/12
M&RCP: Ch12 Metamorphic Rocks
R&M: pp 419-21
 Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks Week 13 & 14

Economic Uses of Minerals & Rocks
Week 14

OBJECTIVES OF GEOLOGY 301:

  • THE STUDY OF EARTH MATERIALS;
  • Minerals, Rocks, Gems, Ores, Soils, Industrial Minerals and Rocks: Description, Genesis, and Uses in a Plate Tectonic context
  •  MINERALS: Naturally occurring, inorganic solids with a regular geometric arrangement of constituent atoms specific chemical composition (or range of composition) and physical characteristics.
  •   THE CRYSTALLINE STATE
    •    Mineral/Crystal Chemistry,
      • Valence, Bonding, Ionic radii, and Coordination Numbers;
      • Chemical Composition; Crystal Chemistry
      • Polymorphism, Isomorphism and Solid Solution
    • Crystallography
      • Crystal Systems: The organization of crystalline solids
      • Basic Elements of Crystal Symmetry and Descriptive Crystallography
    • Determinative Mineralogy and Mineral Systematics
      • Crystal Structure and Physics: hardness, density, cleavage/fracture, optics, luster, color/streak, luminescence,
      • Silicates; Native Metals/semi-metals/nonmetals; Sulfides; Halides; Oxides, ; Carbonates; Sulfates; Phosphates/Arsenates/vanadates; Others (nitrates, borates, tungstate/molybdate/chromate,
    ROCKS: A naturally occurring, solid aggregate composed of mineral grains, glass, macerals, and/or other naturally occurring solids of which the Earth is constructed
  • Plate Tectonics and the rock cycle/tectonic rock cycle
    • Igneous Rocks
      • textures, structures, and mineralogy
      • classification and petrogenesis
    • Weathering
      • Soils
    • Sedimentary Rocks
      • textures, structures, and composition
      • classification and petrogenesis
    • Metamorphic Rocks
      • Metamorphic textures, structures, and mineralogy/protolith
      • Metamorphic facies, classification, and petrogenesis
    • Building materials and other economic uses of Minerals and Rocks
      • fossil fuels, ores, gems, and industrial minerals and rocks

     
    FINAL EXAMINATION
    Final Exam:
    Monday April 25 8:00 am-10:00 am
    Grading
    4 Semester Exams (@100 points)   
    400
    1 final (@200 points) 200
    7 homework assignmennts(@20 points each) 140
    10 labs (@20 points each)   
    200
    2 Lab Exams (@50 pts)  
    100
    In classs collaborative exercises (~10 @ 10 pts each)   
    100

    1140 points total

                                                                                                  

                                                                   
                                   
                                                        
                                                                
                 
    A...........................100-94%                C....................................75-70%
    BA..........................93-88%                DC.................................69-65%
    B.............................87-82%                D...................................64-60%
    CB...........................81-76%                E ....................................below 60%